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For the following case study, use decision trees to compare and contrast the key elements of the case. Determine the potential differential diagnoses and verify the correctness of the diagnosis by matching the decision points with the specific case information to explain how they correspond with the decision tree criteria, (chapter 2). Then, using the Differential Diagnosis by the Tables (chapter 3) justify that the diagnosis is, in fact, correct and not a closely related pathology. Finally, students will examine the DSM-5 to validate that the symptoms from the case study meet the criteria for the diagnosis, therefore coming to a diagnostic decision for the case.
Use the Case Study Template to complete the case analysis.
Perform your case analysis on the following case: The Case of Mr. Yalom
Summarize the case.
Write out the demographic data from the case (see template). Then follow the template instructions to complete the remainder of the template.
Patient name and symptoms
Classification of thoughts, feelings, and belief or behavior
Decision Trees (contents section, section 2) and Differential diagnosis Tables (contents section section 3) are found in: First, M.B. (2014)
DSM-5: Finally you will search the criteria for the diagnosis by going to that section in the DSM-5, copy and paste the Diagnostic criteria for the disorder into the template provided and state how or if each criteria is met by the client. An easy way to copy and paste the diagnostic criteria is to google: DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for ……… -you can then copy and paste this into the template.
Differential Diagnosis Process
Once you’ve identified your diagnostic category, read the introduction in First, (2014). related to predominant symptoms in the chapter associated with the case you are analyzing. This brief presentation gives you a concise orientation to the issues involved in performing the differential diagnosis and other concerns involved in the pathological condition. (As an example, read the information for delusions before proceeding with the decision tree)
Conclusions: Once you have completed the decision tree, differential diagnosis section and matching of the criteria with the DSM-5, next you will write a conclusions section which
identifies the process step by step that you went through to validate a diagnosis for the client.
makes a diagnosis statement—example: After careful data collection and assessment, Mr. Douglas appears to meet the criteria for (………); here name the diagnosis and the DSM-5 Diagnosis code.
identifies What co-occurring disorders are common with this diagnosis? (W.O. 2)
states Does this client have any medical conditions that might require referral? What conditions and criteria are you using for making your determination? (W.O. 2)
states What impact might crisis and trauma have on clients with this disorder? (W.O. 4)
states whether or not Can you rule out malingering, factitious disorder, adjustment disorder, or no disorder? In other words, could this client be faking the disorder or reacting to a known current stressor?
Instructions: Examine the template and follow the steps of the template which you will use for weekly assignments-weeks 1-6. For each week, you will examine a case study, go through the scientific process to accurately diagnose a client using evidence based practice and explore the DSM-5 criteria for that diagnosis.