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Applying Interdisciplinary Theories to Nursing Practice
Using the same practice issue from the Week 2 Discussion and an interdisciplinary theory you will be assigned, you will research your assigned theory for applications in addressing your practice issue. Although your focus is exploring one theory in depth, as you engage with colleagues, consider other theories that also apply to your practice issue.
post a brief description of your assigned theory and your practice issue. Then, explain how you would apply your assigned theory to your practice issue and explain your reasoning. Be specific and provide examples. Cite your sources in your post.
This is discussion 2 as follow
Obesity is increasingly becoming a health concern amongst children and adolescents in Mississippi, even as the state lacks systems to track the overall childhood obesity trends (Mississippi State Department of Health, 2018). Children with obesity and those overweight are at an increased risk of type 2 diabetes. Recent studies reveal that this cohort is also at an increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases in adulthood. Some primary preventive interventions, including physical activity and a healthy diet, have been established to prevent these children from developing severe secondary complications into adulthood. While information regarding the interventions is in the public domain, the incidence of childhood obesity is still increasing. Since children are often under the care of their parents or guardians, parents need to understand these interventions to curb childhood diabetes effectively. Nurses can be at the forefront by providing nutritional advice, strategies for reducing caloric intake through weight-management programs, and increasing physical activity. Since it is naturally challenging for children with diabetes to alter physical and dietary habits on their own, nurses should assume a holistic approach by including families and multidisciplinary teams.
Hypothesis: Educating parents on the benefits of physical activity and healthy diet, decreases childhood obesity.
Pre- and Post-Tests
Tests on parents to determine understanding and awareness of childhood obesity and its management strategies before and after the intervention.
Reported Physical Activity Level
The physical activity levels as reported by the parent. The CDC (2022) recommends at least 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous activity for children aged 6-17 daily. The measure will be on adherence.
Reported Caloric Intake
The caloric intake as reported by the parent. The Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics recommends a caloric intake of 2600-3000 calories daily for boys and 2200-2400 for teenage girls who are physically active (daily activity of at least 40 minutes) (Ellis, 2019). The measure will also be on adherence.
BMI will be calculated by dividing the child’s weight (in kilograms) by the square of height (in meters). BMI is sex- and age-specific for adolescents. The CDC (2021) Child and Teen BMI Calculator will be used. A BMI of at least the 95th percentile will indicate obesity.
The study design includes pore-and post-tests, parent-reported data, and calculated BMI. The first ethical consideration is anonymity. The participants, including the children and the parents, should not be identified through names or any identifier attributed to them. Confidentiality ought to be preserved by storing the data safely. The other ethical consideration is the rights and responsibilities of the participants. Adequate information should be provided about the research and its aims. At their discretion, the participants should also be informed of their right to participate or withdraw from the study. The lack of this transparency may affect the validity of the study outcomes. This is because there is a risk of parents reporting false data due to perceived discrimination or mockery. Consequently, this may falsely imply a statistical significance.
Relevance of the Research
This study will support the need to be equally vigilant in diagnosing and managing childhood obesity. While obesity was traditionally common among adults, current data support that children are at equal risk of developing diabetes and associated complications such as coronary artery disease, type 2 diabetes, osteoarthritis, and adult obesity (Marcus et al., 2022). More specifically, this study will evoke the need for nurses to ensure a holistic nursing assessment where nurses need to assess child and family behaviors, including physical activity and dietary intake, and other environmental factors such as social influence. At the core of this assessment is the measurement of adjusted BMI according to the child’s age, height, and gender, where a reading of at least 95th percentile presents at-risk cases of the outlined obesity comorbidities.
In addition, this study will advocate for nurses to engage in health promotion, where they should guide the child’s family on sustainable lifestyle changes in exercise and diet to manage obesity effectively. The education will include strategies to increase physical activity and reduce the child’s caloric intake. Kontele and Vassilakou (2021) warn that nurses should be cautious not to advocate for over-exercising and restrictive diets as they may cause eating disorders and potentially harm adolescents’ development.
interdisciplinary theory to work on is Cultural Competence/Diversity